A lively medieval walled hill town that is Umbria`s main city. The historic center abounds with cultural and architectural masterpieces and offers one of the most extensive museum collections in Italy. Perugia is famous for chocolate and holds its chocolate festival, Eurochocolate, in mid-October. It also hosts a huge international Jazz Festival, the Umbria Jazz Festival that runs for two weeks in July and MusicFestPerugia, two weeks of classical music performances in historic monuments and churches in August. A truly pleasurable experience is to wander through the narrow streets and along the walls at the edge of town for views of the valley. It is also a good base for visiting other hill towns in Umbria such as Assisi, Spello, and Gubbio.
Piazza IV Novembre (a large, open square with Fontana Maggiore, surrounded by the Duomo), the Palazzo dei Priori, and medieval buildings with shops and bars); Fontana Maggiore ( decorated with intricately carved panels of astrological signs, Aesop`s fables, mythical monsters); Palazzo dei Priori (houses the National Art Gallery of Umbria and three other museums); Corso Vannucci (main pedestrian street, lined with elegant shops, restaurants and bars); Rocca Paolina (fortress built by Pope Paul III over buildings he destroyed); 3rd century BC Etruscan well, the Etruscan Arch (one of the city gates), and remains of the massive Etruscan wall around the city); Tempio di Sant`Angelo (5th century Roman temple); remains of the Roman wall and Roman city gates.