Capri is famous for its wonderful natural beauty, deep-rooted history, mild climate and bright landscape. Inhabited since the Paleolithic era, when it was joined to the mainland, the island was first Greek and later Roman. Caesar Augustus visited it in 29 B.C. and was the first to build a villa here. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the island belonged to the Longobards, Normans, Anjouins, Aragonese and the Spanish. Following the rediscovery on the Blue Grotto in the 19th century, artists, intellectuals, writers, exiles, eccentrics and wealthy visitors chose it as residence, contributing to form the highly varied cosmopolitan international colony that has made the name of Capri famous throughout the world. Beaches are scattered around the island. There are only two towns - Capri, just above Marina Grande, and Anacapri, the higher town. Lemon trees, flowers, and birds are abundant. A stroll through its famous piazzetta is a must if you want to revel in the heart of this charming and mysterious place. The island is spectacular, with postcard-worthy soaring cliffs, surrounded by a deep-blue sea.
MUST SEE: The Blue Grotto, Grotta Azzurra: The most fascinating of the island's many caves. Refraction of sunlight into the cave makes an iridescent blue light in the water. The Blue Grotto has been known and used since prehistoric times. Stone artifacts were found inside the cave and it was a favorite pool of the Romans during the time Emperor Tiberius had his villas on the island. To enter the cave one takes a small rowboat from near the cave entrance.
Travel to Capri is only available by boat from Naples, Sorrento or Amalfi.
Rome is Italy's treasure, packed with masterpieces from more than two millennia of artistic achievement. Modern Rome has one foot in the past, one in the present. Find a cafe at summer twilight and watch the shades of pink turn to gold and copper before night finally falls. That's when another Rome comes alive; restaurants and cafes grow more animated and after dinner you can have a gelato (or an espresso in winter) or stroll by the fountains or through Piazza Navona, and the night is yours.
Recommended Stay: At least 3 nights Must See`s:
Roman Colosseum, Roman Forum, Vatican, Pantheon, Capitoline Museums, Spanish Steps, Trevi Fountain, Ancient Appian Way, Borghese Gallery and so much more!
With sumptuous palaces and romantic waterways, Venice is straight out of an 18th-century Canaletto masterpiece. No matter how many times you have seen it in movies or TV commercials, the real thing is more surreal and dreamlike than you ever imagined. Its landmarks, the Basilica di San Marco and the Palazzo Ducale are exotic mélanges of Byzantine, Gothic, and Renaissance styles. It is full of secrets, ineffably romantic, and - at times - given over entirely to pleasure. You must walk everywhere in Venice and where you cannot walk, you go by water.
Recommended Stay: 2 nights Must See`s:
Basilica of San Marco, St. Mark`s Square, The Doge`s Palace, Accademia gallery, Peggy Guggenheim Collection , The Rialto Bridge, Murano, Burano and Torcello Islands and so much more!
Florence, the capital of Tuscany, is one of Italy`s most atmospheric and pleasant, retaining a strong resemblance to the small late-medieval center that contributed so much to the cultural and political development of Europe. Art treasures Michelangelo`s David Botticelli`s Birth of Venus, and Raphael's La Velata draw millions of visitors every year. Throw into the mix fabulous architecture (the Duomo with Brunelleschi's dome, Giotto's campanile, Santa Croce), fine restaurants and earthy trattorie, plus leading designer boutiques and bustling outdoor markets, and the city of the Renaissance becomes quite simply one of the world`s must-see sights.
Recommended Stay: At least 2 nights Must See`s: The Duomo Complex, Church of Santa Croce, The Cathedral, The Uffizi Gallery, Galleria dell`Accademia, Ponte Vecchio, Palazzo Vecchio, Pitti Palace, Boboli Gardens and so much more!
Milan is Italy`s window on Europe, its most sophisticated and high-tech metropolis. La Scala, its landmark, is one of Europe's most prestigious opera houses. In addition, it's the site of several world-renowned annual trade fairs. Milan is one of Europe's top shopping cities, with an incredible concentration of sophisticated, high style boutiques - and that's only fitting because Milan is the dynamo of the Italian fashion industry. Dolce & Gabbana, Ferré, Krizia, Moschino, Prada, Armani, and Versace have all catapulted to international stardom from design studios based here. Inevitably, shopping is of almost religious significance.
Recommended Stay: 2 nights
Must See`s: The Last Supper by Michelangelo, The Duomo, Pinacoteca di Brera, Quadrilatero d'Oro, Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, Scala museum and theatre, Piazza Fontana. Arco della Pace, the churches of Santa Maria delle Grazie and San Lorenzo, Corso Venezia and Piazza San Babila and Sforzesco Castle.
The Amalfi Coast has been declared an UNESCO World Heritage Sites for its remarkable beauty and distinct natural landscape. Traditional houses, painted in pastel colors, follow the slope of the foothills of Mounts Lattari, creating a picturesque scene. From the characteristic terraces, the strong scents of the lemon groves, the vineyards, the broom and the vibrant colors of bougainvillea combine with the salt air to delight the senses.
The Amalfi Coast is comprised of bays, coves and quaint small towns, precariously perched on mountainside. The blues of the sea, the greens of the Mediterranean vegetation and the colors of the houses all combine to paint one of the most spectacular landscapes on the Italian coast. Sorrento, Amalfi, Ravello, Vietri sul Mare and Positano are compared to precious pearls that make up a ?necklace? of small towns (twelve total) on the coast.
A medieval hill, known for being the birthplace of Saint Francis and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, its represents `a series of masterpieces of man`s creative spirit.` Everything revolves around its most renowned citizen, St. Francis, Patron Saint of Italy: from the Basilica, which is dedicated to the Saint and contains his tomb, to the hermitage (Eremo delle Carceri), a few miles outside the town walls, where St. Francis used to retreat in prayer.
Must See`s: Basilica of Saint Francis (UNESCO World Heritage Site from the 13th century); Church of Santa Chiara (houses the San Damiano Crucifix which spoke to Francis in 1206); San Rufino Cathedral (12th century Romanesque façade); Rocca Maggiore Castle; Roman Amphitheater from the first century surrounded by medieval houses; Piazza del Commune (with the 13th century Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo and Palazzo dei Priori and the Temple of Minerva facing the square.
Siena is a city of brick, where urban development all but ceased after the great plague of the 14th century, busy as it was defending itself. Today, Siena is one of the largest Tuscan cities to maintain a distinctively medieval atmosphere and a great place to discover Tuscany at its medieval best, with numerous gothic palaces, pastry shops, and unequaled altarpieces.
Best known for the world famous Leaning Tower, yet there are other architectural and artistic marvels of this beautiful city. Around the Campo dei Miracoli`s perimeter you`ll also find the Camposanto, Opera del Duomo museum and Museum of the Sinopie. A few blocks away, the Piazza dei Cavalieri once was the heart of power in the city and later the headquarters of the Knights of St. Stephen. Today, it is a center of culture and learning as the famous Scuola Normale di Pisa has its base in the Palazzo della Carovana that faces onto the piazza. Birthplace of the famed Galileo Galilei, Pisa is also home to one of Italy?s top universities. The city is animated by the students, who organize parties, shows, and cultural events, and fill the central street of the city at night. The University of Pisa has 60,000 students in a city of about 100,000 inhabitants. Few bother to find out that Pisa was founded circa 1000 b.c. and became an important maritime republic alongside Venice, Amalfi, and Genoa.
Nearby: Tuscan Coast, Lucca
Distances: Florence - 62 miles, Lucca - 10 miles, Forte dei Marmi - 25 miles, Tirrenia - 10 miles
The city of Verona in the province of Veneto, Northern Italy, rivals Venice in terms of magic and romance. Visitors turn here in numbers, making this town the most visited of the province after Venice. Aside from Romeo and Juliet's strong pull, Verona is a charming medieval and Renaissance city, with numerous medieval palazzi, churches, towers, and centuries-old piazzas. Among other objectives of interest are the Roman amphitheatre (the third largest in Italy), Arco dei Gavi, Basilica of San Zeno.
Montecatini Terme is heaven for those who love spa treatments! The curative powers of the hot springs and steaming vaporous caverns of the Valdinevole have been renowned for centuries. The Parco dei Termi, a long park of neoclassical temples expanding over the sources of various underground hot springs is the ideal place for relaxation. Here you will find Terme Tettuccio, a historic spa famous for its thermal waters. It`s a lavish Liberty-style building with a park was built in the latter part of the 18th century by Leopold of Hasburg, the Grand Duke of Tuscany. He also had two other spas built, the Regina and the Leopoldine, and the three spas made this area famous all over Europe, boasting their obvious riches and royalty. There is also the Grotto of Monsummano, a series of lime caves with a steaming lake and hot rooms that are said to cure people who enter.
But it`s not only spas! Walk the town`s main street of Viale Verdi ; visit the Hamlet of Montecatini Alto with ancient castles, churches and towers upon an enchanting hill; and go to Piazza Giusti, an ancient sanctuary with its original stone flooring and noble coat of arms. There is also the Parlascio, a historic site of public markets and assemblies, the town center`s historic fountains, as well as the Roman Church of Saint Peter with its gorgeous paintings spanning through several historical ages.
Distances: Florence - 31 miles, Pisa - 33 miles, Siena - 74 miles
Lucca is located on a plain at the foot of the Apuan Alps and is less than half an hour from the Tuscan coast. Lucca is one of Tuscany´s gems, a haven of religious buildings, interesting history and fabulous places to eat. Of Etruscan origin (founded in 180 BC), it belonged to the Romans and then proclaimed itself independent and stayed so for 5 centuries.
Lucca is famous for its Renaissance city walls that have remained intact while so many other Tuscan towns saw theirs destroyed in past centuries as they lost their military importance and became a pedestrian promenade circling the old town. It is the birthplace of Giacomo Puccini. If you are interested in religious art, enter the 14th-century cathedral Duomo San Martino to see Nicola Pisano's Descent from the Cross or have a look at the multi-patterned columns at "San Michele", the church of the archangel. At the Doumo, visit the Tomb of Ilaria del Carretto, a moving sculpture by Jacopo della Quercia commemorating a young woman who died in childbirth. And be sure to take some time to enjoy Lucca's tranquil atmosphere and its many fine restaurants.
Nearby: Visit San Galgano, Terme di Petriolo, Bagni di Lucca Distances: Florence - 48 miles, Pisa - 11 miles , Siena - 89 miles
Bologna is one of the most overlooked gems in Italy, one of the most architecturally unified in Europe - a panorama of sienna-colored buildings, marbled sidewalks, and porticos. Located at the crossroads between Venice and Florence and surrounded by hills, Bologna provides the best of several worlds; it has beautiful piazzas, churches and museums, as well as being a thriving university town, filled with cafes, bars and nightlife. The bars, cafes, and squares fill up with students, and an eclectic mix of concerts, art exhibits, and avant-garde ballet and theater performances always marks the calendar.
The proximity of the city of Naples (Napoli) to the Vesuvius gives its inhabitants a certain edge. Its reputation as the most vibrant city in Italy can be a double-edged sword, explaining why some tourists like it and some hate it outright. Nonetheless, the charm of Naples resides in its narrow streets with numerous ancient churches, street markets, cafés, bars and restaurants, all leading to a cacophony of sounds and images embodying the spirit of the Italian South.
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