Due to its natural strategic position on a small peninsula into the Mediterranean Sea below the Taurus Mountains, Alanya has been a local stronghold for many Mediterranean based empires. It has a rich cultural and historic heritage. The most impressive sight is the 14-th century citadel located high above Alanya. Within its walls are quaint houses, mosques and a Byzantine church decorated with frescoes. Below the citadel you find sea caves and grottoes. The most famous is Damlatas or "Cape of Dripping Stones" hosting impressive stalactites and stalagmites. Other landmarks include: the Kizil Kule (Red Tower), Tersane (Shipyard), and Alanya Castle. Beautiful sandy Cleopatra beach lies to the west of the resort while the fine sands of Alanya beach stretch to the east, offering a wide choice of outdoor activities to its visitors.